Jeju-Do The “Free International City”

Jeju-do is a Korean named that is used for acknowledging the Jeju Province. It is also a smaller named of Jeju unique independent Province. The region is the lone extraordinary independent province in entire region of South Korea. The province is located on the biggest island of the country. Jeju-do is located in the Korea Strait, in the southwestern frontier of the Jeollanam-do area. In the past Jeju-do was a part of Jeollanam-do but was established as an individual province in the year 1946 of which it was a part before it became a separate province in 1946. Jeju is the capital city of the Jeju-do province.

The island is a home of the Natural World Heritage Site which is acknowledged as the Jeju Volcanic Island as well as the Lava Tubes.


Previous to the Japanese capture of the island in the year 1910, the place was by and large recognized as Quelpart to the various Europeans. The name “Quelpart” in fact is derived the foremost ship that arrived to the island from Europe, as to locate the island, the Dutch “Quelpaert”, which located it subsequent to be waft off route on its way back to the Dutch buisness base located in Nagasaki, in the country of Japan, all across the region of Taiwan (at that time the Dutch protectorate of Formosa).

As soon as Korea was taken over by Japan in the year 1910, Jeju after that became branded as Saishū, which is the Japanese translation of the hanja that was to be used for Jeju.

Before the year 2000, at the time when the Seoul management had decided to change the official Romanization of Hangul, the island of Jeju-do was spelled as Cheju-do. More or less all on paper orientation to the island earlier to that used to exercise that spelling.


Jeju Island is basically a volcanic island. It is subjugated by Halla-san commonly known as the Halla Mountain. The mountain is a volcano. The height of the mountain is 1,950 m high and it is regarded as the tallest mountain in entire region of South Korea.

The island was formed completely from the volcanic outbreak that took place roughly around 2 million years in the past. At some stage in the time age from the Tertiary to the commencement of the Quaternary era, and was comprised mostly of lava and the basalt. The explosions took place in the Cenozoic period. It has a moist subtropical type of weather; it is quite warmer than that of the remaining parts of Korea, with 4 major discrete seasons. Winters are very much breezy and desiccated while summers are burning, damp, and every now and then rainy.

The Crater Lake located in the region is the lone natural lake in the entire region of South Korea.

Around 224 sq km of area of the Jeju Island is identified as the Gotjawal Forest. This region has been left untouched in anticipation of the early 21st century. The forest is located at the pedestal of Lava. The location of the forest makes it complicated to expand the area for agricultural purposes. For the reason that this forest was left untouched for an extended time, it has an only one of its kind natural balance. The forest is the most important resource of groundwater, the major water resource for the 1/2 millon citizens of the island, for the reason that the rainwater make a way into the groundwater directly aquifer in the course of the cracks of the Lava underneath this forest. Gotjawal forest is well thought-out a globally significant marshland beneath the Ramsar Convention by a number of researchers, for the reason that it is the home of exclusive species of vegetation and is the most important source of water for the inhabitants, even though to date it has not been confirmed a Ramsar site.

Administrative divisions

In anticipation of the year 2005, Jeju district was separated into 2 cities commoly identified as si, namely Jeju as well as Seogwipo, and 2 counties commonly known as gun, namely Bukjeju (located in North Jeju) and Namjeju (located in South Jeju) correspondingly. The 2 cities were additional alienated into 32 neighbourhoods acknowledged as dong, while the 2 counties were seperated into 7 towns recognized as eup and also 5 districts commonly known as the myeon. The 7 towns as well as 5 districts were in turn separated into 551 different village’s comomly known as ri.

In the year 2005, Jeju inhabitants accepted, by referendum, a suggestion to come together with the Bukjeju County hooked on the Jeju City, and also the country of Namjeju County hooked on the Seogwipo City. Effectual 1 July 2006, the region was also again named as Jeju unique self-governing Province with 2 ostensible sections namely Jeju as well as the Seogwipo city. In totaling to alterations in the name, the region has been agreed to a widespread managerial authority that has been set aside for the fundamental government. This is division of strategy to generate the Jeju into a “Free International City”.

Traditional food

Gamgyul is a category of orange. Black pig is slenderness on the island. Black pigs are celebrated for their black coat and their animal protein for its rubbery consistency. The animal protein is fibrous and nourishing, but does not have the exceptional stink of pork. Black pigs other distinguished features are their extended faces, slender snouts and little ears that plunk up.

Myth and Legend

SeulMunDae HalMang is very well-known legend in Jeju. Each and every one who subsists in jeju completely identifies her. SeulMunDae HalMang have arrived to Jeju all the way from “Sung San Ill Chul Bong” with a lone foot to Guan Tal island at “Ae weol” with jointly foot on the road to Mt. Halla. She was physically powerful. So, she makes up to the Mt.Halla with 7 of spading upbeat the ground. It is believed that she had almost 500 children. One day, she was preparing soups for her sons and was drowned to decease in the burning pot despite the fact that her sons were out hunting. After they over and done with the hunting they felt famished and had the soup. But they were unaware of the fact that their mother had lost her life in the soup. Nn the other hand the youngest son was the one who knew what all happened. Later he told the reality to the other family members. All of her 500 children cried till the time they turn into 500 stones.


Tourism orders a large portion of Jeju’s financial system. Jeju’s moderate climate, natural landscapes, and various beaches make it a fashionable tourist’s site for national as well as a number of international visitors. The most admired tourist destinations on the island are Cheonjeyeon as well as the Cheonjiyeon waterfalls, and also Mt Halla, also the Hyeobje cave, and the Hyeongje Island. There is a diversity of relaxation games that tourists can take piece in Jeju which includes golf, as well as horse riding, hunting, and also fishing and also mountain climbing. According to the various seasons, Jeju hosts a number of festivals for its visitors. The celebration includes a penguin swimming competition which is held in the winter season, cherry flourish festival which takes place in the spring season, the mid-summer night seashore festival in the summer season, and also Jeju horse festival which is celebrated in the season of autumn, amongst others. For the majority tourists, travel to and from the island is mostly taken in the course of Jeju International Airport and transportation inside the island by hire cars. A number of local goods are fashionable to the various tourists; comprising Jeju’s unique tile fish as well as the mandarin oranges, sideways from memento as well as duty-free shopping.

Jeju was selected as one of the 28 finalists for the New 7 Wonders of Nature.

The various tourist attractions in the regions are mentioned below:

  • Hallim Park
  • Fire Festival
  • Olle
  • Manjanggul
  • Sangbangsan
  • Sangumburi Crater
  • Jeongbang Waterfall

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