Persepolis was the traditional center of the Persian Empire during the rule of Achaemenid. Persepolis is located at a distance of around 70 km to the northeast direction of the contemporary city of Shiraz which is positioned in the Fars region of up to date Iran. In modern Persian, the place is known as Takht-e Jamshid which means Throne of Jamshid and is commonly known as the Parseh. The most primitive remnants of Persepolis rendezvous from roughly 515 BC. To the very old Persians, the town was identified as Pārsa. The meaning of Parsa is “The City of Persians”. Persepolis is the Greek explanation of the actual name.
The citadel of Persepolis is been declared as a World Heritage site by the UNESCO in the year 1979.
Archaeological proofs demonstrate that the most primitive remnants of Persepolis belongs to 515 BC.AFrench archaeologist, André Godard who dig up Persepolis in the near the beginning of 1930s, supposed that Cyrus the Great desired the place of Persepolis, but that Darius the Great constructed the veranda and various other grand palaces.
Darius had well planned out the structure of the Apadana Palace and also the Council Hall. The council is a Tripylon or is a hall that has 3 gates. He has alsp initiated the construction of the most important imperial Treasury and its background. These structures were finished throughout the sovereignty of his only son named King Xerxes the Great. Additional edifices of the structure which were created on the veranda sustained in anticipation of the collapse of the Achaemenid Empire.
The very first westerner who had visited the remains of Persepolis was Antonio de Gouveia. He was from Portugal. He had written about the cuneiform message after his visit to Persepolis in the year 1602. His very first report on Persia was named “Jornada” was been available in the year 1606
The very first scientific experiments that were carried out at Persepolis were been supervised by Ernst Herzfeld who was also accompanied Erich F Schmidt on behalf of the Oriental Institute that was a major section of the University of Chicago. Excavations were carried out for 8 different time of year starting in the year 1930 and incorporated various other sites which were located quite close by.
Herzfeld whispered the various causes which were at the rear of the building of Persepolis. Few of the reasons were the necessity for a grandiose ambiance, a imperial representation for their territory, and also to have a good time during the various extraordinary events that were celebrated in the region. One of the most important events was the “Nowruz”. For chronological motives, Persepolis was constructed on the location where the Achaemenid reign was being established, even though it was not the heart of the kingdom at that era.
Persepolitan structural design is well-known for the usage of numerous columns which were made of wood. Architects have decided that the use of stone was to be made, only when the huge cadres of the teak trees or Lebanon trees, which were brought from India, was not of the necessary sizes. The bases of the columns and also the capitals were constructed with the help of stone, still on wooden beams, but the survival of capitals, which were made of wood is credible.
The construction at Persepolis comprises of 3 general groups notably the military quarters, the treasury, and also the reception halls as well as the occasional houses which are mostly reserved for the King. Well-known buildings of Persepolis consist of, the Gate of Nations which is commonly known as Xerxes the Great, the Great Stairway and also the Apadana Palace of Darius, the Tripylon Hall, the Hall of a Hundred Columns, and also the Tachara Palace of Darius, as well as the the palace of Artaxerxes III, the Hadish Palace of Xerxes, the majestic Treasury, the imperial Stables and also the very famous Chariot residence.
Persepolis is located near a very small waterway named Pulwar. The Pulwar River flows up to the Kur River which is also known as Kyrus. The location comprises of a terrace whose total surface area is somewhere around 125,000 sq mtr. The terrace to a definite extent is constructed artificially and is also cut partly out of a peak. The eastern side of the constructions leans on Kuh-e Rahmet mountain which is known as the “the Mountain of Mercy”. The remaining 3 sides are shaped by keeping hold of walls, which fluctuate in its stature with the incline of the land. You will see a double stair that ranges in between 5 m to 13 m of the inclination. It is located on the western side of the structure. With a view of having a terrace of the same level the melancholy were packed with soil as well as the heavy rocks, which were connected collectively with the help of clips, which were made out of metal. It is believed that the edifice of the extensive flight of steps was started in the year 518 BC.
The flight of stairs was designed to be the most important way in to the veranda which was been constructed 20 m on top of the ground. The twofold flight of stairs is acknowledged as the Persepolitan staircase, was constructed in proportion of the Great Wall which was on the west side. The total number of steps was around 111 steps, whereas the width of all the stairs was 6.9 m. The treads of the stairs was 31 cm long and also it had a rise of 10 cm. In the beginning, the steps were supposed to be built as to permit the ascend of the nobles and the royalty on the horseback. Many novel theories put forward that the superficial risers permitted the visiting personages to uphold the royal manifestation while they were ascending. The pinnacle of the flight of stairs shows the way to an undersized courtyard which is placed in the varanda’s north-east side, which was directly to the opposite side of the Gate of Nations.
The most important material that was been used in the construction of the Persepolis was the Gray limestone. Subsequent to innate rock which was been staged and the low-lied was been filled in by the stones and mud, and later the terrace was built. Most important channels which were required for sewage were dig secretively in the course of the rocks. A water tank was been elevated which was been utilized for the storage of water. The water tank was been constructed at the foot of the mount at the east side. Professor Olmstead recommended that the cistern was been built at the similar time when the construction of the towers was commenced.
The foundation of the terrace which was constructed didn’t have the same level. Indirectly it played a role of a fortress whose walls had targeted the invaders they were very helpful for the defenders to aim any segment of the exterior face. Diodorus writes about Persepolis that it has 3 walls with fortifications, which had huge towers that used to act as the defense room for the security people. The height of the first wall was 7 m; whereas that of the second wall as 14 m and the height of third wall was 27 m. the third wall did cover all the 4 sides. Today you can see no remains of the walls.
How to reach
If you are planning to visit Persepolis you can take a direct flight and land in Shiraz. Shiraz is well-connected with various domestic as well as international airbases in the country. Many countries from middle-east, south-east Asia as well as Europe have direct flights to Shiraz. For traveling further from the airport you can either rent a cab or hire a car and reach Persepolis.
Guided tours are easily accessed for Persepolis who would be definitely happy to give you an idea about the various places in the region of Persepolis. Guides speaking local as well as English languages are available.
When to visit
If you are willing to visit Persepolis it is advisable that you plan you trip around the period from the month of October up to January.
The city provides you high-quality lodging in and around Persepolis. The city also has numerous 3-star, 4-star and also 5-stars hotel. A variety of motels, food-stalls, hotels are stretched all along the city, thus you can have a bite of you favorite food items.