Unarguably, Taj Mahal in Agra is the most amazing and incredible structure in India. Not only in India but also in the entire world, it is considered a symbol of love and people over the entire globe come here to see and take snap shots with it. It is situated in Agra, which is in the north-central part of India. Resting on a platform bounded by slender towers of balconies, Taj Mahal is known for it symmetrical structure. The interior architecture of Taj Mahal is so beautiful that leaves visitors mesmerized. In full moon night in the moonlight, Taj Mahal looks even more beautiful and radiates romance. The best time in a day to see this magnificent structure is during evening during sunset, across the Jamuna River. The rays of the sun bring out more colors out of it, thus making it look more beautiful than ever.
Taj Mahal is a fine exemplary of Mughal architecture, which is blend of Indian, Islamic, and Persian style of architectures. Here is a brief Taj Mahal history that has inspired many tourists from all over the globe to come and visit this magnificent mausoleum.
Brief History of Taj Mahal
Shah Jahan was a Mughal emperor who ruled India from 1628 to 1658. Kings at that time had many wives and so did Shah Jahan, but he was very much fond of Arjumand Bano Begum who was his third wife. He lovingly called her – Mumtaz Mahal, which means Crown of the Palace. They both had 14 children and she accompanied him wherever he used to go, also on military operations. In early sixteenth century, they were in Central India, in Burhanpur, on one of those military campaigns; Mumtaz was pregnant with his 14th child. While giving to the baby, she died in 1631. Shah Jahan was very disturbed by his wife’s dead. He started to drown into depression of his wife dead. Her last wish was to construct a tomb in her name. Shah Jahan decided to build a structure in her wife’s memory that entire world would never forget. And the Taj Mahal history started with the dead of Mumtaz Mahal.
The construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1633 with labor force of more than 20,000 workers and 1,000 elephants that was led by Muhammed Hanif. From all across the country as well as from Persia and Turkey, skilled Masons, architects, calligraphers, inlay craftsmen and stone-carvers where brought to build a magnificent piece. The whole structure is made of white marbles. Mumtaz Mahal’s last burial place was decorated like a queen’s jewel-box. After 22 years of hard work in making of the structure, finally in 1648, it was finished.
Finally, Shah Jahan made a mausoleum which world has never seen before and after completion of the structure, he ordered to ambush hands of every worker who had build this beautiful structure, so there would be no other structure as beautiful as this one in entire world.
But unfortunately, son of Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb, killed his elder brothers and announced his father of incompetence to rule. He sent him for house arrest in Agra Fort. Shah Jahan spend his life in his wife’s fond memories and looking at the Taj Mahal across the river of Yamuna, a beautiful tomb of his beloved wife and waited to the day when they will get together again. Finally, in 1666 AD, his dead came knocking to the door of freedom and a chance to be united again with his wife. He was laid beside his wife’s tomb and finally they were reunited by dead after a long parting time.
The tombs of the queen and king are resting in the basement of the Taj Mahal. Thus, in this brief Taj Mahal history it is the steadfast love of a Mughal king for his queen can be realized. Sir Edwin Arnold, a poet, describes the Taj Mahal as, “Not a piece of architecture, as other buildings are, but the proud passions of an emperor’s love wrought in living stones”. And with passing time, a brief history of Taj Mahal – love story – of an emperor and a queen are retold each day by guides to the tourists who come here to see the Symbol of Love, The Taj Mahal.