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  • December 2009 (49)
  • Mohenjo-Daro- The City Under The Mound

    Mon, Dec 14, 2009

    Pakistan

    Mohenjo-daro is quite popular in the world of archeology as the Mound of the Dead. Mohenjo-daro is recognized as one of the most developed city-settlements that was been established in the Indus Valley. Indus valley civilization was flourished in the south Asian region of Sindh. Today it is a section in the country of Pakistan. It is believed that the city of Moenjo-daro was been constructed somewhere around 2600 BC. The city has the honor of being one of the few early regional settlements that took place around the whole world. Moenjo-daro existed at the same time the ancient sites of Mesopotamia as well as the Crete in Egypt was going through the developmental phase in their civilizations. The archaeological remains of the city that were found later and are surviving even today were chosen as a part of the World Heritage Site’s list which was been declared by UNESCO. Moenjo-daro is also named as “An Ancient Indus Valley Metropolis”.

    mohenjo daro

    History

    The civilization at Mohenjo-daro was created somewhere around the 2600 BC and was later isolated around the 1900 BC. In the year 1922, the city of Moenjo-daro was been discovered again by Rakhaldas Bandyopadhyay who was working with the Archaeological Survey of India as an officer. He was leaded to the site by a Buddhist monk. The monk had a belief that under the mound there a stupa that was been erected. Lately, in the year 1930, mammoth excavations was been carried out at the site. The excavation was been supervised by K. N. Dikshit along with John Marshall also accompanied by Ernest Mackay and many others. The car that was mostly used by John Marshall and the other directors who worked on the site is still kept in the display in the museum at Mohenjo-daro. It illustrates their commitment and the great effort towards the works and discoveries at Mohenjo-daro. Further the excavations were conceded out in the year 1945 by Mortimer Wheeler and Ahmad Hasan Dani.

    The last and the final but the most important excavation at Mohenjo-daro was supervised by Dr. G. F. Dales in the year 1964-65. This was the last as later the excavations were debarred as frequent compensation were taking place due to weathering as the structures were uncovered. From the year 1965 the single most important project which was permitted to be carried out at this particular site has been the reinstatement of the excavation and also the maintenance projects as well as the exterior surveys. In spite of the proscription on the principal archaeological assignments in the year 1980, two teams of Italian as well as the German survey grouping which were lead by Dr. Maurizio Tosi and also Dr. Michael Jansen mutual the various techniques such as architectural certification, shell surveys also the shell scraping also probing, to determine supplementary clues concerning the very old evolution.

    Structure

    When constructed the civilization of Mohenjo-Daro was a really well planned out city; its exclusive tip was to give out up as a most significant trading blotch and for agricultural. The Mohenjo-daro leftovers were amongst the only some most significant hubs of this age-old civilization. At its high point, a few archaeologists moralized that the Indus culture might had an inhabitants of just about five million peoples.

    Mohenjo-daro is positioned on a Pleistocene crest in the heart of the downpour plain of the Indus River located in the Sindh region. The edge which was well-known throughout the time of the Indus Valley Civilization is now enclosed by the run over of the plains. The rim played a significant role as it permitted the location to locate out on top of the close by plain and be far above the position. The place is located in a center arrangement flanked by the Ghaggar-Hakra on the eastern side and the Indus river valley on the western side. Even today, the Indus River still scampers down to the eastern section of the city, but the stream bed of Ghaggar-Hakra is dehydrated.

    mohenjo daro civilization

    How to reach

    The nearest airport to visit Moenjo-daro is a domestic Mohenjo-daro airport. The Mohenjo-daro airport has a good network of flights with Karachi international airport, which is well-connected with the various cities of the country. The time required to reach Mohenjo-daro from Karachi is hardly 60 minutes through air and 3-4 hrs through the roadways.

    Mohenjo-daro was hypothetically a well developed administrative center during the old times for the intact Indus Valley evolution. It is invented to be the most sophisticated as well as urbanized conurbation in South Asia as well as might be in the whole world all through the earliest times. The engineering as well as the planning of the city’s construction and establishment make obvious the connotation of the city to the populace alive in the Indus valley.

    Till the date thousands of settlements as well as various cities have been time-honored that to frequently in the Indus River valley which is placed in Pakistan as well as the northwestern division of India.

    The various cities which were discovered after the wide-ranging excavation in the Indus valley Harappa, Ganeriwala, Mohenjo-daro placed in contemporary Pakistan and also lothal, Rakhinagar, Rupar, Dholavira, Kalibanagan which are sited in India. Almost there are around 1,052 cities as well as settlements that have been established in the area of the Indus Rivers as well as its branches.

    When to visit

    The best time of the year to visit Mohenjo-daro is from October up to March.

    Opening timings

    The site and museum is open for visits from sunrise till sunset.

    Accommodation

    Near the museum at Mohenjo-daro you will surely find small cottage as for your accommodation. Good quality food is available across the city.




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